[PATCH v1 03/10] KVM: Prepare kvm_is_reserved_pfn() for PG_reserved changes

Sean Christopherson sean.j.christopherson at intel.com
Wed Nov 6 00:03:15 UTC 2019


On Tue, Nov 05, 2019 at 03:43:29PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 5, 2019 at 3:30 PM Dan Williams <dan.j.williams at intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Nov 5, 2019 at 3:13 PM Sean Christopherson
> > <sean.j.christopherson at intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Tue, Nov 05, 2019 at 03:02:40PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Nov 5, 2019 at 12:31 PM David Hildenbrand <david at redhat.com> wrote:
> > > > > > The scarier code (for me) is transparent_hugepage_adjust() and
> > > > > > kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_spte(), as I don't at all understand the
> > > > > > interaction between THP and _PAGE_DEVMAP.
> > > > >
> > > > > The x86 KVM MMU code is one of the ugliest code I know (sorry, but it
> > > > > had to be said :/ ). Luckily, this should be independent of the
> > > > > PG_reserved thingy AFAIKs.
> > > >
> > > > Both transparent_hugepage_adjust() and kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_spte()
> > > > are honoring kvm_is_reserved_pfn(), so again I'm missing where the
> > > > page count gets mismanaged and leads to the reported hang.
> > >
> > > When mapping pages into the guest, KVM gets the page via gup(), which
> > > increments the page count for ZONE_DEVICE pages.  But KVM puts the page
> > > using kvm_release_pfn_clean(), which skips put_page() if PageReserved()
> > > and so never puts its reference to ZONE_DEVICE pages.
> >
> > Oh, yeah, that's busted.
> 
> Ugh, it's extra busted because every other gup user in the kernel
> tracks the pages resulting from gup and puts them (put_page()) when
> they are done. KVM wants to forget about whether it did a gup to get
> the page and optionally trigger put_page() based purely on the pfn.
> Outside of VFIO device assignment that needs pages pinned for DMA, why
> does KVM itself need to pin pages? If pages are pinned over a return
> to userspace that needs to be a FOLL_LONGTERM gup.

Short answer, KVM pins the page to ensure correctness with respect to the
primary MMU invalidating the associated host virtual address, e.g. when
the page is being migrated or unmapped from host userspace.

The main use of gup() is to handle guest page faults and map pages into
the guest, i.e. into KVM's secondary MMU.  KVM uses gup() to both get the
PFN and to temporarily pin the page.  The pin is held just long enough to
guaranteed that any invalidation via the mmu_notifier will be stalled
until after KVM finishes installing the page into the secondary MMU, i.e.
the pin is short-term and not held across a return to userspace or entry
into the guest.  When a subsequent mmu_notifier invalidation occurs, KVM
pulls the PFN from the secondary MMU and uses that to update accessed
and dirty bits in the host.

There are a few other KVM flows that eventually call into gup(), but those
are "traditional" short-term pins and use put_page() directly.


More information about the devel mailing list