[PATCH 4/4] [RFC] staging/net: move AF_X25 into drivers/staging

Greg Kroah-Hartman gregkh at linuxfoundation.org
Mon Dec 9 15:41:01 UTC 2019

On Mon, Dec 09, 2019 at 04:12:56PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> syzbot keeps finding issues in the X.25 implementation that nobody is
> interested in fixing.  Given that all the x25 patches of the past years
> that are not global cleanups tend to fix user-triggered oopses, is it
> time to just retire the subsystem?
> I looked a bit closer and found:
> - we used to support x25 hardware in linux, but with WAN_ROUTER
>   removed in linux-3.9 and isdn4linux removed in 5.3, there is only hdlc,
>   ethernet and the N_X25 tty ldisc left. Out of these, only HDLC_X25 made
>   it beyond the experimental stage, so this is probably what everyone
>   uses if there are users at all.
> - The most common hdlc hardware that people seem to be using are
>   the "farsync" PCIe and USB adapters. Linux only has drivers for the
>   older PCI devices from that series, but no hardware that works on
>   modern systems.
> - The manufacturer still updates their own kernel drivers and provides
>   support, but ships that with a fork or rewrite of the subsystem
>   code now.  Kevin Curtis is also listed as maintainer, but appears to
>   have given up in 2013 after [1].
> - The most popular software implementation appears to be X25 over TCP
>   (XOT), which is supported by Farsite and other out-of-tree stacks but
>   never had an implementation in mainline.
> - Most other supported HDLC hardware that we supoprt is for the ISA or
>   PCI buses. There are newer PCIe or USB devices, but those all require
>   a custom device driver and often a custom subsystem, none of which got
>   submitted for mainline inclusion. This includes hardware from Microgate
>   (SyncLink), Comtrol (RocketPort Express) and Sealevel (SeaMAC).
> - The X.25 subsystem is listed as "odd fixes", but the last reply on
>   the netdev mailing list from the maintainer was also in 2013[2].
> - The HDLC subsystem itself is listed as maintained by Krzysztof Halasa,
>   and there were new drivers merged for SoC based devices as late as
>   2016 by Zhao Qiang: Freescale/NXP QUICC Engine and Maxim ds26522.
>   There has not been much work on HDLC or drivers/net/wan recently,
>   but both developers are still responsive on the mailing list and
>   work on other parts of the kernel.
> Based on the above, I would conclude that X.25 can probably get moved
> to staging as keeping it in the kernel seems to do more harm than good,
> but HDLC below it should probably stay as there it seems there are still
> users of a small subset of the mainline drivers.
> Move all of X.25 into drivers/staging for now, with a projected removal
> date set for Linux-5.8.
> Cc: Eric Biggers <ebiggers at kernel.org>
> Cc: Andrew Hendry <andrew.hendry at gmail.com>
> Cc: linux-x25 at vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Kevin Curtis <kevin.curtis at farsite.com>
> Cc: "R.J.Dunlop" <bob.dunlop at farsite.com>
> Cc: Zhao Qiang <qiang.zhao at nxp.com>
> Cc: Krzysztof Halasa <khc at pm.waw.pl>
> Reported-by: syzbot+429c200ffc8772bfe070 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> Reported-by: syzbot+eec0c87f31a7c3b66f7b at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> Link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=5b0ecf0386f56be7fe7210a14d0f62df765c0c39
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>
> ----
> If anyone has different views or additional information, let us know.
> If you agree with the above, please Ack.


Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh at linuxfoundation.org>

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