[PATCH v6 01/24] erofs: add on-disk layout

Gao Xiang gaoxiang25 at huawei.com
Fri Aug 2 12:53:24 UTC 2019


This commit adds the on-disk layout header file of erofs.
On-disk format is compatible with erofs-staging added in 4.19.

In addition, add EROFS_SUPER_MAGIC_V1 to magic.h.

Signed-off-by: Gao Xiang <gaoxiang25 at huawei.com>
---
 fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h        | 316 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/magic.h |   1 +
 2 files changed, 317 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h

diff --git a/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h b/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b307060dd220
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,316 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only OR Apache-2.0 */
+/*
+ * linux/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017-2018 HUAWEI, Inc.
+ *             http://www.huawei.com/
+ * Created by Gao Xiang <gaoxiang25 at huawei.com>
+ */
+#ifndef __EROFS_FS_H
+#define __EROFS_FS_H
+
+/* Enhanced(Extended) ROM File System */
+#define EROFS_SUPER_OFFSET      1024
+
+/*
+ * Any bits that aren't in EROFS_ALL_REQUIREMENTS should be
+ * incompatible with this kernel version.
+ */
+#define EROFS_REQUIREMENT_LZ4_0PADDING	0x00000001
+#define EROFS_ALL_REQUIREMENTS		0
+
+struct erofs_super_block {
+/*  0 */__le32 magic;           /* in the little endian */
+/*  4 */__le32 checksum;        /* crc32c(super_block) */
+/*  8 */__le32 features;        /* (aka. feature_compat) */
+/* 12 */__u8 blkszbits;         /* support block_size == PAGE_SIZE only */
+/* 13 */__u8 reserved;
+
+/* 14 */__le16 root_nid;
+/* 16 */__le64 inos;            /* total valid ino # (== f_files - f_favail) */
+
+/* 24 */__le64 build_time;      /* inode v1 time derivation */
+/* 32 */__le32 build_time_nsec;
+/* 36 */__le32 blocks;          /* used for statfs */
+/* 40 */__le32 meta_blkaddr;
+/* 44 */__le32 xattr_blkaddr;
+/* 48 */__u8 uuid[16];          /* 128-bit uuid for volume */
+/* 64 */__u8 volume_name[16];   /* volume name */
+/* 80 */__le32 requirements;    /* (aka. feature_incompat) */
+
+/* 84 */__u8 reserved2[44];
+} __packed;                     /* 128 bytes */
+
+/*
+ * erofs inode data mapping:
+ * 0 - inode plain without inline data A:
+ * inode, [xattrs], ... | ... | no-holed data
+ * 1 - inode VLE compression B (legacy):
+ * inode, [xattrs], extents ... | ...
+ * 2 - inode plain with inline data C:
+ * inode, [xattrs], last_inline_data, ... | ... | no-holed data
+ * 3 - inode compression D:
+ * inode, [xattrs], map_header, extents ... | ...
+ * 4~7 - reserved
+ */
+enum {
+	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_PLAIN,
+	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION_LEGACY,
+	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_INLINE,
+	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION,
+	EROFS_INODE_LAYOUT_MAX
+};
+
+static bool erofs_inode_is_data_compressed(unsigned int datamode)
+{
+	if (datamode == EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION)
+		return true;
+	return datamode == EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION_LEGACY;
+}
+
+/* bit definitions of inode i_advise */
+#define EROFS_I_VERSION_BITS            1
+#define EROFS_I_DATA_MAPPING_BITS       3
+
+#define EROFS_I_VERSION_BIT             0
+#define EROFS_I_DATA_MAPPING_BIT        1
+
+struct erofs_inode_v1 {
+/*  0 */__le16 i_advise;
+
+/* 1 header + n-1 * 4 bytes inline xattr to keep continuity */
+/*  2 */__le16 i_xattr_icount;
+/*  4 */__le16 i_mode;
+/*  6 */__le16 i_nlink;
+/*  8 */__le32 i_size;
+/* 12 */__le32 i_reserved;
+/* 16 */union {
+		/* file total compressed blocks for data mapping 1 */
+		__le32 compressed_blocks;
+		__le32 raw_blkaddr;
+
+		/* for device files, used to indicate old/new device # */
+		__le32 rdev;
+	} i_u __packed;
+/* 20 */__le32 i_ino;           /* only used for 32-bit stat compatibility */
+/* 24 */__le16 i_uid;
+/* 26 */__le16 i_gid;
+/* 28 */__le32 i_reserved2;
+} __packed;
+
+/* 32 bytes on-disk inode */
+#define EROFS_INODE_LAYOUT_V1   0
+/* 64 bytes on-disk inode */
+#define EROFS_INODE_LAYOUT_V2   1
+
+struct erofs_inode_v2 {
+/*  0 */__le16 i_advise;
+
+/* 1 header + n-1 * 4 bytes inline xattr to keep continuity */
+/*  2 */__le16 i_xattr_icount;
+/*  4 */__le16 i_mode;
+/*  6 */__le16 i_reserved;
+/*  8 */__le64 i_size;
+/* 16 */union {
+		/* file total compressed blocks for data mapping 1 */
+		__le32 compressed_blocks;
+		__le32 raw_blkaddr;
+
+		/* for device files, used to indicate old/new device # */
+		__le32 rdev;
+	} i_u __packed;
+
+	/* only used for 32-bit stat compatibility */
+/* 20 */__le32 i_ino;
+
+/* 24 */__le32 i_uid;
+/* 28 */__le32 i_gid;
+/* 32 */__le64 i_ctime;
+/* 40 */__le32 i_ctime_nsec;
+/* 44 */__le32 i_nlink;
+/* 48 */__u8   i_reserved2[16];
+} __packed;                     /* 64 bytes */
+
+#define EROFS_MAX_SHARED_XATTRS         (128)
+/* h_shared_count between 129 ... 255 are special # */
+#define EROFS_SHARED_XATTR_EXTENT       (255)
+
+/*
+ * inline xattrs (n == i_xattr_icount):
+ * erofs_xattr_ibody_header(1) + (n - 1) * 4 bytes
+ *          12 bytes           /                   \
+ *                            /                     \
+ *                           /-----------------------\
+ *                           |  erofs_xattr_entries+ |
+ *                           +-----------------------+
+ * inline xattrs must starts in erofs_xattr_ibody_header,
+ * for read-only fs, no need to introduce h_refcount
+ */
+struct erofs_xattr_ibody_header {
+	__le32 h_reserved;
+	__u8   h_shared_count;
+	__u8   h_reserved2[7];
+	__le32 h_shared_xattrs[0];      /* shared xattr id array */
+} __packed;
+
+/* Name indexes */
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_USER              1
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS  2
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT 3
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED           4
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_LUSTRE            5
+#define EROFS_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY          6
+
+/* xattr entry (for both inline & shared xattrs) */
+struct erofs_xattr_entry {
+	__u8   e_name_len;      /* length of name */
+	__u8   e_name_index;    /* attribute name index */
+	__le16 e_value_size;    /* size of attribute value */
+	/* followed by e_name and e_value */
+	char   e_name[0];       /* attribute name */
+} __packed;
+
+#define ondisk_xattr_ibody_size(count)	({\
+	u32 __count = le16_to_cpu(count); \
+	((__count) == 0) ? 0 : \
+	sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_ibody_header) + \
+		sizeof(__u32) * ((__count) - 1); })
+
+#define EROFS_XATTR_ALIGN(size) round_up(size, sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_entry))
+#define EROFS_XATTR_ENTRY_SIZE(entry) EROFS_XATTR_ALIGN( \
+	sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_entry) + \
+	(entry)->e_name_len + le16_to_cpu((entry)->e_value_size))
+
+/* available compression algorithm types */
+enum {
+	Z_EROFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4,
+	Z_EROFS_COMPRESSION_MAX
+};
+
+/*
+ * bit 0 : COMPACTED_2B indexes (0 - off; 1 - on)
+ *  e.g. for 4k logical cluster size,      4B        if compacted 2B is off;
+ *                                  (4B) + 2B + (4B) if compacted 2B is on.
+ */
+#define Z_EROFS_ADVISE_COMPACTED_2B_BIT         0
+
+#define Z_EROFS_ADVISE_COMPACTED_2B     (1 << Z_EROFS_ADVISE_COMPACTED_2B_BIT)
+
+struct z_erofs_map_header {
+	__le32	h_reserved1;
+	__le16	h_advise;
+	/*
+	 * bit 0-3 : algorithm type of head 1 (logical cluster type 01);
+	 * bit 4-7 : algorithm type of head 2 (logical cluster type 11).
+	 */
+	__u8	h_algorithmtype;
+	/*
+	 * bit 0-2 : logical cluster bits - 12, e.g. 0 for 4096;
+	 * bit 3-4 : (physical - logical) cluster bits of head 1:
+	 *       For example, if logical clustersize = 4096, 1 for 8192.
+	 * bit 5-7 : (physical - logical) cluster bits of head 2.
+	 */
+	__u8	h_clusterbits;
+};
+
+#define Z_EROFS_VLE_LEGACY_HEADER_PADDING       8
+
+/*
+ * Z_EROFS Variable-sized Logical Extent cluster type:
+ *    0 - literal (uncompressed) cluster
+ *    1 - compressed cluster (for the head logical cluster)
+ *    2 - compressed cluster (for the other logical clusters)
+ *
+ * In detail,
+ *    0 - literal (uncompressed) cluster,
+ *        di_advise = 0
+ *        di_clusterofs = the literal data offset of the cluster
+ *        di_blkaddr = the blkaddr of the literal cluster
+ *
+ *    1 - compressed cluster (for the head logical cluster)
+ *        di_advise = 1
+ *        di_clusterofs = the decompressed data offset of the cluster
+ *        di_blkaddr = the blkaddr of the compressed cluster
+ *
+ *    2 - compressed cluster (for the other logical clusters)
+ *        di_advise = 2
+ *        di_clusterofs =
+ *           the decompressed data offset in its own head cluster
+ *        di_u.delta[0] = distance to its corresponding head cluster
+ *        di_u.delta[1] = distance to its corresponding tail cluster
+ *                (di_advise could be 0, 1 or 2)
+ */
+enum {
+	Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_PLAIN,
+	Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_HEAD,
+	Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_NONHEAD,
+	Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_RESERVED,
+	Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_MAX
+};
+
+#define Z_EROFS_VLE_DI_CLUSTER_TYPE_BITS        2
+#define Z_EROFS_VLE_DI_CLUSTER_TYPE_BIT         0
+
+struct z_erofs_vle_decompressed_index {
+	__le16 di_advise;
+	/* where to decompress in the head cluster */
+	__le16 di_clusterofs;
+
+	union {
+		/* for the head cluster */
+		__le32 blkaddr;
+		/*
+		 * for the rest clusters
+		 * eg. for 4k page-sized cluster, maximum 4K*64k = 256M)
+		 * [0] - pointing to the head cluster
+		 * [1] - pointing to the tail cluster
+		 */
+		__le16 delta[2];
+	} di_u __packed;		/* 8 bytes */
+} __packed;
+
+#define Z_EROFS_VLE_LEGACY_INDEX_ALIGN(size) \
+	(round_up(size, sizeof(struct z_erofs_vle_decompressed_index)) + \
+	 sizeof(struct z_erofs_map_header) + Z_EROFS_VLE_LEGACY_HEADER_PADDING)
+
+/* dirent sorts in alphabet order, thus we can do binary search */
+struct erofs_dirent {
+	__le64 nid;     /*  0, node number */
+	__le16 nameoff; /*  8, start offset of file name */
+	__u8 file_type; /* 10, file type */
+	__u8 reserved;  /* 11, reserved */
+} __packed;
+
+/* file types used in inode_info->flags */
+enum {
+	EROFS_FT_UNKNOWN,
+	EROFS_FT_REG_FILE,
+	EROFS_FT_DIR,
+	EROFS_FT_CHRDEV,
+	EROFS_FT_BLKDEV,
+	EROFS_FT_FIFO,
+	EROFS_FT_SOCK,
+	EROFS_FT_SYMLINK,
+	EROFS_FT_MAX
+};
+
+#define EROFS_NAME_LEN      255
+
+/* check the EROFS on-disk layout strictly at compile time */
+static inline void erofs_check_ondisk_layout_definitions(void)
+{
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_super_block) != 128);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_inode_v1) != 32);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_inode_v2) != 64);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_ibody_header) != 12);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_entry) != 4);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct z_erofs_map_header) != 8);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct z_erofs_vle_decompressed_index) != 8);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_dirent) != 12);
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(BIT(Z_EROFS_VLE_DI_CLUSTER_TYPE_BITS) <
+		     Z_EROFS_VLE_CLUSTER_TYPE_MAX - 1);
+}
+
+#endif
+
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index 1274c692e59c..903cc2d2750b 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
 #define SQUASHFS_MAGIC		0x73717368
 #define ECRYPTFS_SUPER_MAGIC	0xf15f
 #define EFS_SUPER_MAGIC		0x414A53
+#define EROFS_SUPER_MAGIC_V1	0xE0F5E1E2
 #define EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC	0xEF53
 #define EXT3_SUPER_MAGIC	0xEF53
 #define XENFS_SUPER_MAGIC	0xabba1974
-- 
2.17.1



More information about the devel mailing list