[PATCH v1 2/8] mm: convert PG_balloon to PG_offline

Michael S. Tsirkin mst at redhat.com
Wed Nov 21 01:58:07 UTC 2018


On Mon, Nov 19, 2018 at 11:16:10AM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> PG_balloon was introduced to implement page migration/compaction for pages
> inflated in virtio-balloon. Nowadays, it is only a marker that a page is
> part of virtio-balloon and therefore logically offline.
> 
> We also want to make use of this flag in other balloon drivers - for
> inflated pages or when onlining a section but keeping some pages offline
> (e.g. used right now by XEN and Hyper-V via set_online_page_callback()).
> 
> We are going to expose this flag to dump tools like makedumpfile. But
> instead of exposing PG_balloon, let's generalize the concept of marking
> pages as logically offline, so it can be reused for other purposes
> later on.
> 
> Rename PG_balloon to PG_offline. This is an indicator that the page is
> logically offline, the content stale and that it should not be touched
> (e.g. a hypervisor would have to allocate backing storage in order for the
> guest to dump an unused page).  We can then e.g. exclude such pages from
> dumps.
> 
> We replace and reuse KPF_BALLOON (23), as this shouldn't really harm
> (and for now the semantics stay the same).  In following patches, we will
> make use of this bit also in other balloon drivers. While at it, document
> PGTABLE.
> 
> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet at lwn.net>
> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan at gmail.com>
> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Christian Hansen <chansen3 at cisco.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka at suse.cz>
> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov at linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr at canb.auug.org.au>
> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy at infradead.org>
> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst at redhat.com>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko at suse.com>
> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin at oracle.com>
> Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck at linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi at ah.jp.nec.com>
> Cc: Miles Chen <miles.chen at mediatek.com>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes at google.com>
> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i at gmail.com>
> Cc: Kazuhito Hagio <k-hagio at ab.jp.nec.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david at redhat.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst |  9 ++++++---
>  fs/proc/page.c                           |  4 ++--
>  include/linux/balloon_compaction.h       |  8 ++++----
>  include/linux/page-flags.h               | 11 +++++++----
>  include/uapi/linux/kernel-page-flags.h   |  2 +-
>  tools/vm/page-types.c                    |  2 +-
>  6 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst
> index 3f7bade2c231..340a5aee9b80 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst
> @@ -75,9 +75,10 @@ number of times a page is mapped.
>      20. NOPAGE
>      21. KSM
>      22. THP
> -    23. BALLOON
> +    23. OFFLINE
>      24. ZERO_PAGE
>      25. IDLE
> +    26. PGTABLE
>  
>   * ``/proc/kpagecgroup``.  This file contains a 64-bit inode number of the
>     memory cgroup each page is charged to, indexed by PFN. Only available when
> @@ -118,8 +119,8 @@ Short descriptions to the page flags
>      identical memory pages dynamically shared between one or more processes
>  22 - THP
>      contiguous pages which construct transparent hugepages
> -23 - BALLOON
> -    balloon compaction page
> +23 - OFFLINE
> +    page is logically offline
>  24 - ZERO_PAGE
>      zero page for pfn_zero or huge_zero page
>  25 - IDLE
> @@ -128,6 +129,8 @@ Short descriptions to the page flags
>      Note that this flag may be stale in case the page was accessed via
>      a PTE. To make sure the flag is up-to-date one has to read
>      ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap`` first.
> +26 - PGTABLE
> +    page is in use as a page table
>  
>  IO related page flags
>  ---------------------
> diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
> index 6c517b11acf8..378401af4d9d 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/page.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/page.c
> @@ -152,8 +152,8 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
>  	else if (page_count(page) == 0 && is_free_buddy_page(page))
>  		u |= 1 << KPF_BUDDY;
>  
> -	if (PageBalloon(page))
> -		u |= 1 << KPF_BALLOON;
> +	if (PageOffline(page))
> +		u |= 1 << KPF_OFFLINE;
>  	if (PageTable(page))
>  		u |= 1 << KPF_PGTABLE;
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h b/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h
> index cbe50da5a59d..f111c780ef1d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h
> +++ b/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h
> @@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ extern int balloon_page_migrate(struct address_space *mapping,
>  static inline void balloon_page_insert(struct balloon_dev_info *balloon,
>  				       struct page *page)
>  {
> -	__SetPageBalloon(page);
> +	__SetPageOffline(page);
>  	__SetPageMovable(page, balloon->inode->i_mapping);
>  	set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)balloon);
>  	list_add(&page->lru, &balloon->pages);
> @@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ static inline void balloon_page_insert(struct balloon_dev_info *balloon,
>   */
>  static inline void balloon_page_delete(struct page *page)
>  {
> -	__ClearPageBalloon(page);
> +	__ClearPageOffline(page);
>  	__ClearPageMovable(page);
>  	set_page_private(page, 0);
>  	/*
> @@ -141,13 +141,13 @@ static inline gfp_t balloon_mapping_gfp_mask(void)
>  static inline void balloon_page_insert(struct balloon_dev_info *balloon,
>  				       struct page *page)
>  {
> -	__SetPageBalloon(page);
> +	__SetPageOffline(page);
>  	list_add(&page->lru, &balloon->pages);
>  }
>  
>  static inline void balloon_page_delete(struct page *page)
>  {
> -	__ClearPageBalloon(page);
> +	__ClearPageOffline(page);
>  	list_del(&page->lru);
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> index 50ce1bddaf56..f91da3d0a67e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> @@ -670,7 +670,7 @@ PAGEFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap)
>  #define PAGE_TYPE_BASE	0xf0000000
>  /* Reserve		0x0000007f to catch underflows of page_mapcount */
>  #define PG_buddy	0x00000080
> -#define PG_balloon	0x00000100
> +#define PG_offline	0x00000100
>  #define PG_kmemcg	0x00000200
>  #define PG_table	0x00000400
>  
> @@ -700,10 +700,13 @@ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page)	\
>  PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Buddy, buddy)
>  
>  /*
> - * PageBalloon() is true for pages that are on the balloon page list
> - * (see mm/balloon_compaction.c).
> + * PageOffline() indicates that the pages is logically offline although the

with this typo fixed ..

> + * containing section is online. (e.g. inflated in a balloon driver or
> + * not onlined when onlining the section).
> + * The content of these pages is effectively stale. Such pages should not
> + * be touched (read/write/dump/save) except by their owner.
>   */
> -PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Balloon, balloon)
> +PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Offline, offline)
>  
>  /*
>   * If kmemcg is enabled, the buddy allocator will set PageKmemcg() on
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kernel-page-flags.h b/include/uapi/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
> index 21b9113c69da..6f2f2720f3ac 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
> @@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
>  
>  #define KPF_KSM			21
>  #define KPF_THP			22
> -#define KPF_BALLOON		23
> +#define KPF_OFFLINE		23
>  #define KPF_ZERO_PAGE		24
>  #define KPF_IDLE		25
>  #define KPF_PGTABLE		26
> diff --git a/tools/vm/page-types.c b/tools/vm/page-types.c
> index 37908a83ddc2..6c38d3b862e4 100644
> --- a/tools/vm/page-types.c
> +++ b/tools/vm/page-types.c
> @@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ static const char * const page_flag_names[] = {
>  	[KPF_NOPAGE]		= "n:nopage",
>  	[KPF_KSM]		= "x:ksm",
>  	[KPF_THP]		= "t:thp",
> -	[KPF_BALLOON]		= "o:balloon",
> +	[KPF_OFFLINE]		= "o:offline",
>  	[KPF_PGTABLE]		= "g:pgtable",
>  	[KPF_ZERO_PAGE]		= "z:zero_page",
>  	[KPF_IDLE]              = "i:idle_page",

for balloon changes:

Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst at redhat.com>

> -- 
> 2.17.2


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