vme_tsi148 driver: interrupt handling

Martyn Welch martyn.welch at ge.com
Thu Jun 6 15:34:35 UTC 2013

On 05/06/13 18:43, De Roo, Steven wrote:
> Dear Martyn, Manohar & all VME-users,
> I'm still struggling with my VME SBC & the VME-drivers...
> Please be so kind to have another look at the current situation:
> I got to the point that I had a board perfectly reading/writing data to another board,
> even with DMA calls to speed up things with a factor 8.
> Yesterday, we put the board in a production environment, 
> and things have become quite complicated since then.
> (finally we get some sunshine in Belgium, but now clouds are covering my project...)
> Apparently, the existing VME-crate into which the new board was put,
> has a lot of VME bus errors in the existing traffic,
> as can be seen with a VME analyzer card.
> The existing legacy hardware/software cannot be modified however,
> so I'll have to live with this situation.
> These bus errors cause the TSI148 chipset to abort the read-calls,
> and generate an interrupt, which is caught by function 'tsi148_irqhandler()',
> and there some strange things happen...

Yes, there's a link-list that's recording bus errors. That is checked if you
have err_chk enabled, but will also require you to be doing reads and writes
to clear it.

Minimally the items should only be added to the link list if err_chk != 0.

tsi148_dma_list_exec() should probably also be checking this list if err_chk !=0.

if err_chk == 0, there's possibly a case for not enabling the VME Bus error
interrupt as the driver doesn't care.

> In the beginning of this function, the 'interrupt enable out' 
> and 'interrupt status' registers are read out, as shown below:
> ...
> 260         /* Determine which interrupts are unmasked and set */
> 261         enable = ioread32be(bridge->base + TSI148_LCSR_INTEO);
> 262         stat = ioread32be(bridge->base + TSI148_LCSR_INTS);
> ...
> The first time an interrupt occurs, both 'enable' and 'stat' are 0,
> which is not ok, since the 'enable' register is definitely set to a proper value
> when the 'vme_tsi1148' module is loaded/probed.
> A consecutive interrupt leads to value -1 (0xFFFFFFFF) for both 'enable' and 'stat',
> and then a kernel crash is not far way... 
> In this case, all handlers (DMA, LM, MB, PERR, VERR, ...) are called,
> and inside these handlers, NULL pointers are dereferenced, leading to a crash.
> What could possibly be corrupting the TSI148_LCSR_INTEO and TSI148_LCSR_INTS registers ?
> Could it be the driver, or can it be the TSI148 chipset itself ?

Have you added debug that's reading the registers. Apparently reading the
interrupt registers more than once has been seen to cause issues.

> (e.g. can it be that the interrupt is raised before the registers are filled in correctly ?)

I've just taken a quick look at a XVME-6300 Datasheet floating around the web.
The datasheet suggests that the VMEbus Interface has hardware byte swapping.
This is not a feature of the TSI-148. I have seen boards in the past place an
FPGA between the VMEbus and the VME-PCI bridge to do byte swapping, these have
also done funny things with the interrupt as well.

It might be worth looking at any documentation you have for the XVME-6300/
contact the manufacturer to see if there are any other sources (such as a byte
swapping FPGA) that end up generating the same interrupt as the TSI148.

> Also, I can't find any good documentation on the difference between the
> 'interrupt enable out' and 'interrupt enable' registers. Do you have a clue ?

I think this is covered in the TSI-148 manual. From memory, one is for PCI
interrupts, the other can enable some error conditions to be converted into
VME interrupts.


> Kind regards,
> Steven De Roo

Martyn Welch (Lead Software Engineer)  | Registered in England and Wales
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