[patch 2/5] Staging: vme: add VME userspace driver

Martyn Welch martyn.welch at gefanuc.com
Tue Aug 11 12:46:53 UTC 2009

Emilio G. Cota wrote:
> Martyn Welch wrote:
>> suggest if you want something more complex that allows the user to just  
>> pick a location/size and not worry about windows at all
> That's exactly the whole point. I think each bridge should manage
> its resources; putting this on the upper layer would mean the
> layer should have a mechanism of 'discovering' what the bridge
> can/can't do. Anyway this could be revisited later.
> I'm preparing a patch for this.

I disagree. The bridge drivers should register their resources with the 
core. The core, or a layer above it, can control how those resources are 
used. This moves the complexity you want for managing the windows to a 
level that will work on all underlying drivers rather than having to be 
written explicitly for each one. The mechanism I have provided does this 
>>> - Most accesses are 32-bit accesses. Treating all of them
>>>   as 64-bit accesses would decrease performance for most of
>>>   them--which happen to be 32-bit.
>> I'm not - I'm storing them as 64-bit values, which they are, in the  
>> structures used in *software*. These are then split *when* a write to  
>> the hardware registers is required. Similarly, when the registers are  
>> occasionally read they are combined and stored as a 64-bit value. This  
>> simplifies all *software* checking and manipulation. By storing these as  
>> 2 32-bit values every driver that uses the VME core will need to convert  
>> pci addresses, vme addresses and counts to 2 32-bit values. That is 
>> madness.
> I agree with you on that's painful for doing 64-bit accesses.
> However I'm still not convinced on the performance side (I mean
> software), since most of the time the upper 32bits will be empty.
> Will have a look though.
Regardless of the contents of the upper 32 bits, they will need to be 
checked. For example when ensuring a window offset and size fit within a 
given address space. To do this the bound needs to be  calculated.

To do this with 2 32-bit values. add the lower window offset and size, 
which could lead to an over-flow of the lower 32-bit value, which needs 
to be added to the upper 32-bit value, which is the sum of the upper 
window offset and size. Then potentially check both the upper and lower 
values (thinking of 16-bit address range here) to ensure they are below 
the maximum address for the address range.

Compared to an addition of the window offset and size and a comparison 
to the maximum address for the address range when using one 64-bit value.

Clearly neither of the above basic outlines check that the combination 
has wrapped over 64 bits, but this would affect both equally.

So, which is more complex?

> Cheers,
> E.

Martyn Welch MEng MPhil MIET (Principal Software Engineer)   T:+44(0)1327322748
GE Fanuc Intelligent Platforms Ltd,        |Registered in England and Wales
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